Yuriy Balji, Martin Knicky
Keywords: nutrition, additive, bioactive compounds, slaughter characteristics, meat quality
There is an urgent need to develop new strategies to minimize the environmental impact of animal production and support sustainability of food production and consumption. Feed additives have been for a long time used in animal nutrition to improve animal growth and performance as well as animal health. Balsam poplar plants (Populus balsamifera) is well known as a rich source of bioactive compounds with positive health effects, and might be used in agriculture as a feed additive for ruminants. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of balsam poplar-based additives on growth and performance of fattening young bulls of Simmental breed. In the present study, we used 4 combinations of extract from balsam poplar buds or its components as a feed additives. The animals were given the supplements at the age of 15 months, 3 months before slaughter. The growth and slaughter characteristics of young bulls were studied. After the first and second month of feeding with dietary supplements, animals from the groups fed 10% balsam poplar buds extract and dry shredded balsam poplar buds had significantly higher live weight compared to the control animals fed a diet without any supplements (P < 0.05). At slaughter, group fed 10% balsam poplar buds extract had significantly higher live weight compared to control. Average daily gain was also greatest in that group. Major sensory as well as physical and chemical parameters were not affected by balsam poplar-based supplements (p > 0.05 for all) and were in line with regulatory meat hygiene requirements.
For citation: Balji, Yu., Knicky, M. (2021). Impact of feed supplementation with balsam poplar buds on performance of young bulls. Theory and practice of meat processing, 6(4), 294-299. https://doi.org/10.21323/2414-438X-2021-6-4-294-299.
Financial support for this project was provided by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan (project number — AP08051983 “Development and implementation of multifunctional feed additives to increase the productivity of livestock animals with regard to quality and safety of livestock produсts”).
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